Saturday, October 12, 2013

Common Carpet Fibers In The Market Today

1) Wool Natural Fiber

Wool is a purely natural product -- luxurious, strong, and stain resistant.  It maintains its fiber height very well.  Soft to the touch and very dense, wool has a more comfortable feel than other carpet fibers; plus it will hide soil to a much greater effect than other synthetic fibers, mainly in part due to its opacity (other fibers are clear, and thus soil can be seen through it).

Wool is also quite durable, and easily dyed in many colors. It is an excellent choice for its rich appearance and luxury image; however, it must be maintained properly. It does tend to fade in sunlight, has low-resistance both to stains and to the chemicals used to remove stains. Unlike the synthetics, wool can attract and suffer damage from moths, beetles, and other types of insects.

2) Sisal Natural Fiber

You may have known that rugs bring all the difference in your home interior, creating a warm appeal and feeling of inviting to all the rooms. Sisal, which is considered as natural fibers is gaining popularity nowadays because of its unique look, durability, strength, and eco-friendliness. Rugs made from sisal are beautiful, strong and will be long lasting for your living room, bedroom, hallway or office.

Rugs or carpets made of sisal come with easy maintenance. However, a proper care is needed if you clean the rugs, to avoid any possible damage on the coloring and texture of the material. Remember to not cleaning your rug with water or any liquid excessively because it will shrink. Therefore, it is highly recommended for you to keep your sisal rugs away from humid place. If you find there is spill on your rug, clean it right away with a dry cloth and avoid using any liquid. For a regular cleaning, you can use vacuum cleaner to remove dirt. Dry cleaning seems to be appropriate to maintain the beauty of your rugs.
3) Nylon Synthetic Fiber

Nylon is the strongest fiber of all the carpets, with excellent resistance to abrasion, insects, molding, mildew, rot, and many chemicals. It is easy to maintain and dye, while upholding its color admirably. Nylon is durable and static free, maintains fiber height, and resists soiling or staining.  All of which makes it the most popular carpet fiber by far (90%) for homes and heavily favored (65%) for all uses – both residential and commercial.

4) Olefin Synthetic Fiber

Olefin (polypropylene) is the next-best seller after nylon, making up about 80% of commercial carpet installations.  Olefin fibers are colorfast, strong (resisting abrasion), mildew & moisture resistant, and easy to clean (bleach can be used safely in some cases).   It is suitable for high traffic areas – even actually used for artificial sports turf.

Less expensive than wool, nylon, and polyester, olefin/polypropylene continues to gain popularity. Polypropylene is not exactly ‘crush resistant’ and can be prone to matting, crushing, and general scuffs, depending on the pile cut.

5) Polyester Synthetic Fiber

Polyester/PET or Polyethylene Terephthalate carpet has bright colors and is available in many textures.  It is more stain resistant than nylon carpet and at least as resistant to mold and mildew. It is also non-allergenic. 

Polyester does not hold its fiber height under traffic and shifting weight as well as other carpet fibers. Polyester has a luxurious feel, is durable against abrasions, resistant to water soluble stains and easy to clean. Polyester can fade with bright sunlight.

6) Triexa Synthetic Fiber
This fiber is known as SMARTSTRAND (trademark) when marketed by Mohawk. Mowhawk recently received FTC apporval to market this fiber under its own class. This PTT fiber will now be know as TRIEXTA. In the future you will see more about this name change. This fiber is even stronger than PET polyester, and has better colorfastness and cleanability features than PET. PTT is as colorfast as solution dyed nylon. This fiber is extremely soft, and yet behaves better than staple nylon, especially in a shag construction. If you have kids and pets, and are going to be in the home more than 10 years, PTT is a good choice; especially the 3GT Sorona Dupont Polymer offered in some Mohawk carpets. I have not had a consumer complaint on this fiber in the eight years I have been selling it. By the way, PTT is just one step away chemically from 4GT polymer that is used to make tough auto parts. Triexta will indeed be a fiber for the future. The newest triexta is called “silk” and is the softest fiber on the planet.


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