in only three basic styles: cut pile, loop pile and cut & loop pile.
Cut pile is created when the loops that result from weaving are trimmed to
the same height and allowed to slightly tuft, giving the carpet a dense, soft
appearance. Cut pile carpet represents the largest share of the residential
market and comes in four primary subcategories:
Saxony - Saxony is
what probably comes to mind when you think of carpet — all those thousands of
perfectly even, solid colored strands of fiber standing at attention like a
freshly cut lawn. This is the stuff that’s thick and soft and shows footprints
and vacuum lines. You probably had it “wall to wall” when you were growing up.
Today we know that Saxony tends to wear much quicker than other styles. It’s
probably best kept for those low foot traffic rooms — like the formal living
room that Mom saved for “company.”
Textured - If you
don’t require that “freshly mown” look to your carpet, then Textured is the way
to go. Because it’s twisted differently than Saxony and steamed to create a
permanent curl, this product is “trackless” and reduces light reflectivity so it
won’t show footprints. Textured carpet is casual, it’s cool and it will show far
less wear and tear than other styles.
Frieze - There’s
nothing frosty about Frieze. Knobby, yes. Chilly, no. This cut pile offers a
tighter “twist” than the Textured style. The yarn actually curls over, creating
a very durable and elegant product that hides footprints and vacuum lines.
Cable - This is
the one cable in your home that won’t go on the fritz. Constructed of longer
yarn than its cut pile companions, Cable is beautiful, comfortable and very
luxurious. It can crush and matte with heavy foot traffic, however, so we don’t
recommend Cable for parade routes, military yards or busy areas of your home.
Loop pile is how all carpet actually begins — uncut. Commonly known as
Berber, loop pile carpets have a smooth, consistent surface with a lightly
textured appearance that results from coloration and the way light reflects on
the pile. Made from yarns that are looped into the backing, this popular style
is perfect for high traffic areas of the home and can be found in many
CUT & LOOP
The combination of cut pile and loop pile provides for some interesting
patterns that result from the variation in surface textures. Also known as
“sculptured carpets,” this popular style is great at disguising foot traffic and
wear and offers a variety of surface finishes. 1a