Why are old rugs more expensive than new ones?
Well it depends how old, as there is a watershed in Oriental rugs that occurred around 1890 to 1920 when there was a huge influence from Europe that affected the design, dyes and wools used in oriental rugs.
The old rugs particularly from traditional weaving cultures in Turkey, the Caucasus, Persia and Central Asia were woven either for their own use or for sale in local bazaars. Therefore each tribe or village would have a particular design pool from which they drew that have significance to them, and would have been around in their homes and surroundings.
Weavers, mostly women, would be creative in combining these elements to produce aesthetically pleasing rugs, pillows, bags of all shapes and sizes. Young women would prepare a full range of weavings to show her skill to prospective husbands.
Another element is the choosing of the best quality wools and dyes as these make a tremendous difference to the finish of the rug.
Natural dyes are vibrant, harmonize together, and do not fade. Therefore rugs hundreds of years old, particularly if made with good quality wools have a beautiful lustrous quality that is not diminished by time.
With the tremendous increase in demand for oriental rugs at the end of the 19th Century soon the stocks of traditional rugs ran out and production could not meet the demand. Therefore factories and workshops were set up to meet the demand from a less discriminating market. The designs were also simplified or modified in ways that a traditional weaver would never do. At this time the first chemical dyes became available.
These included fuchsine a garish purple that faded to a dull grey over a period of decades. There were also very bright reds and oranges which did not harmonize well with the natural dyes, these also tended to fade over time and also were very prone to bleed when wet. The introduction of chemical dyes destroyed the wonderful harmony of natural dyes and replaced them because they were less effort and the customers did notice the difference. By the mid 20th Century most of the hand woven rugs were dull lifeless objects that bore little resemblance to their magnificent forebears.In the last 30 years there has been a revival of natural dyes, started by the Dobag project in Turkey, but also in Iran and lately in Afghanistan. These rugs are available now but consist of only a small proportion of rugs available today and are well worth the effort to find and pay the extra for.
This articles was grabbed directly from ezinearticles.com and written by Margaret Demers.