Tibetan: the height of color, motif and background.
The distinguishing characteristics of Tibetan rugs are their vivid colors, huge and few motifs, and relatively plain and dominant backgrounds.
The motifs are woven in red, orange, pink, yellow, beige, blue, green and white.
The background colors are usually blue, black, red, orange, and less frequently, yellow or ivory.
Their designs are strongly influenced by Chinese and East Turkestan styles and can either be geometric or curvilinear. Take your choice.
The different types of Tibetan rugs include the medallions, the flower and rosettes, the mythological animal and birds, the geometrical designs, and the rugs used in monasteries for ceremonial purposes.
Tibetan rugs are known for their wonderful depth and richness achieved through subtle variation of color and texture.
These rugs are woven exclusively with Nepalese wool, which is characteristically flexible, strong, lustrous and springy.
The bold eclectic patterns and coloration heightened by a rich texture reveal a primitive sophistication unique to these rugs.
Indian: small on motif, big on beauty.
Indian designs were strongly influenced by those of Iran, mainly by the curvilinear styles.
Popular designs of the 18th and 19th century, which Indo-mir is still a remaining example of, were mainly in the all-over layout with very small floral motifs such as plants, palmettes, rosettes and leaves.
Often the same motif was repeated through the entire rug, and borders were very similar to the motifs in the field.
There was not much color contrast in these rugs; the colors were mostly well coordinated to suit the Western taste. Hopefully yours.
Brownish red was the dominant color. In addition to this color, light and dark green and burnt orange were also popular.
Native American: chief
Can you picture one of these rare beauties in your home?
Native American: chief being the Navajo.
Native American weaving is mainly associated with Navajo wool blankets.
These blankets are mostly flat weaves and date back to the late 18th century.
Today Navajo fabrics are woven on reservations in northern Arizona.
Original styles consisted of stripes and simple geometric shapes.
Navajo weaving could be divided into the four types: the Chief blankets, Serape blankets, Eye Dazzler weavings, and fabrics after 1890.
They all had horizontal stripes with wide stripes housing minor stripes at each end of the blanket and a similar wide strip in the center.
These wide end and center stripes were colored in red and brown; sometimes blue was added.
White and brown stripes were woven between the wide center and end major stripes.
East Turkestan: rare and well done.
Prior to the Chinese occupation in 1878, the area in western China above Tibet was called East Turkestan.
Even though the area itself is no longer called that, the rugs of this area are still labeled as East Turkestan rugs.
They may also be marketed under “Samarkand” because East Turkestan rugs used to be traded in Samarkand.
The main East Turkestan sub-styles include Kashgar, Yarkand and Khotan.
East Turkestan rugs have always been rare, and they are still being woven on a small scale.
The layout of East Turkestan rugs can be either medallion or all-over.
Their pattern is mainly geometric and tends to be long and narrow.
A very common design is the pomegranate and vase, which is a symbol of fertility.
The vase symbolizes Mother Earth and the pomegranate is the fruit growing from Mother Earth. Truly a rug for the environmentalist in you.
Kilims: think one of a kind.
Kilim rugs are flatwoven textiles made by nomadic peoples in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Russia, China, Pakistan, India and Morocco.
Turkish Kilims feature Mediterranean colors of gold orange and turquoise.
Iranian Kilims are grounded in burgundy, rust, heavy blues, and heavy greens.
Kurdish Kilims are brighter and sometimes mixed with embroidery.
These textiles are used as rugs to cover doors and windows, for their dwellings, and as prayer rugs.
The Kilim is a major part of a bride’s dowry. The females weave each rug; each piece will contain symbols of the family traditions and tribal identity.
No two hand-woven Kilim rugs are exactly the same in color and size, which give the rugs a unique appeal.
If you seek one-of-a-kind items for your home, a Kilims rug is made for you.
Finally, 3 more categories of rugs that could find a home at your place.
1. Braided. Practical and beautiful, these rugs are constructed traditionally from wool but can be made from nylon, chenille and olefin or polyesters.
Braided rugs can be crafted into any size or shape and are very durable, hard wearing and easy to care for. Features everyone appreciates.
These are rugs made from heavy strips of yarn or fabric that has been braided into thick ropes and are then sewn side-to-side in spirals, ovals, round and oblongs.
2. Flokati. Often referred to as sheep skin rugs, this textile is made of 100% hand-woven New Zealand wool and originated in Greece 1500 years ago.
It’s a “shaggy” looking rug that is very inviting and cozy on your feet.
Flokati are contemporary rug styles with long pile and natural colors.
3. Naturals. These are area rugs made from natural materials and include Sisal, Jute, Seagrass and Bamboo.
This is a strong and versatile natural material. Sisal rug fibers come from the leaves of the Agave Sisalana plant that is grown as a renewable resource. And who isn’t for that?
The useable leaves of the plant can produce approximately a thousand fibers.
These fibers range in color from straw yellow to a creamy white and are spun into yarn and then woven into carpet.
Although Sisal by itself can be a bit tough on the feet, it can be combined with wool or nylon for a softer feel.
Sisal area rugs are durable, provide sound absorption, are anti-static, naturally insulating and fire resistant.
They absorb moisture therefore they are not recommended for use outdoors or in areas of water inside the home such as your bathroom.
These rugs are woven with loop or flat construction, and have become popular for use throughout the home.
Jute fibers are stripped from their stalks and can be spun into yarn or rope and woven.
Jute yarns are strong and often used as warps in knotted rugs.
A product of the paddy fields of China and India, this is a popular choice among designers for its natural beauty and strength.
Seagrass area rugs are durable, stain resistant and come in warm beige tones with undertones of green.
Different patterns are available such as Herringbone and Basketweave making these rugs the perfect accent to any room in your home.
Bamboo.This is one of the fastest growing plants on the planet.
They are plentiful in supply and make strong and beautiful area rugs.
Bamboo rugs are woven from natural bamboo fibers and feature natural variations in color.
Bamboo rugs offer texture and style to your room’s décor in a simple and understated way.