Here is a list of some of the styles that you can find in area rugs.
Persian: lots of versions.
When you think of Persian rugs, you usually think of intricate curvilinear designs; however, Persian styles are the most diverse styles worldwide.
There are over fifty different Persian styles woven in Iran and other countries such as India, Pakistan, China, and some European countries.
However, a true Persian Rug is one that is hand knotted in Iran, formerly called Persia, and features a border to emphasize the main pattern.
Several other narrower borders may also be part of the design and this border motif is the signature of all Persian rugs. Don’t be fooled by borderless imitations.
Oriental: oriented toward the traditional.
Recognized for centuries for their warmth and intricate designs, Oriental area rugs are handmade rather than mass produced and are known to be extremely durable and long lasting. Good to keep in mind.
They are often made from natural fibers such as wool, silk or cotton and become works of art you will cherish for years to come.
You will not find antique oriental rugs made of synthetic blends. No way.
Each one is unique, and playful -- the pattern changes direction without warning. Your Oriental rug will come from India, western China, Central Asia, Iran, the Caucasus or Turkey.
Chinese: the Great Wall of clarity.
Unlike most oriental rugs, Chinese designs are very literal rather than decorative; most motifs have very exact meanings.
Also, unlike most Oriental rugs, the motifs on Chinese rugs do not unite in order to create one design; they stand alone. And will standout in your home.
Traditional Chinese rugs and carpets are immediately recognizable by their simple, classic motifs and unusual colors.
These rugs often feature a center, circular medallion; familiar objects seen in nature such as animals, flowers, and clouds; stylized Chinese ideographs; and even entire scenes.
They’re usually framed with a simple, wide border and many display contrasting colors that meet to provide interest and texture to the simple patterns. These rugs are usually of high quality and extremely durable.
Turkoman: here, beauty blooms.
Turkoman rugs are produced by nomadic weavers of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and the province of Khorassan in northeast Iran.
Turkoman rugs are easily distinguished by their three characteristics of a dominant red to red-brown background color, geometric pattern, and a unique octagonal motif known as gul, which has several versions.
Gul is the Persian name for flower. If you love flowers this is your rug.
The layout is generally all-over and guls are repeated in rows with usually smaller guls of similar, but not exact, geometric designs (minor guls) in between the rows of major guls.
White, beige, black and blue are used to create color contrast in the motifs and the border of the rug.
Caucasian: a lesson in geometry.
Caucasian rugs are woven by tribal weavers of the region south of Russia, near the Caucasus Mountains, between the Black and Caspian Seas.
Caucasian rugs, even though made by different weaving groups, still have very common characteristics.
The patterns are very geometric. The perfect rug if you think spatially.
The designs tend to be stripes, crosses, squares, diamonds, hexagons, triangles, botehs, ’S’ shapes (derived from old dragon designs), some very geometric animal figures, such as crab and tarantula, and even sometimes geometric human figures.
One common characteristic is the positioning of similar shapes in different sizes next to one another.
Another is their colorful and bright palette.
Colors of blue, red, purple, yellow, green, navy, black and beige can all be combined in one rug.